In 2008, Thiel made Founders Fund’s first substantial biotech investment…. Matthew Scholz … recruited biologists and bootstrapped Immusoft, which “programs” B cells–types of white blood cells that produce antibodies–to generate their own medicine. … Instead of injecting treatments into a patient, cells are extracted, rewired to produce a treatment, and then returned to the body. … [L]ong-lasting DNA therapies like Immusoft’s could become a giant thorn for pharma companies whose profits depend on eternal prescription refills. “Once we treat all their patients, they’re done,” says Scholz.